Koi, Goldfish & Pond Health In 20 Steps
Parasite Treatments & Cures
Koi Water Quality
Koi Quarantine & Health
Keywords: Koi, Goldfish & Pond Health Potassium permanganate KMnO4 caustic alkali organics oxidizer PP for koi diseases parasites fungi
What It Is:
Note: Aqua Prazi is a much safer treatment for flukes and more effective. Does not set back your filter.
Wear protective eyeware and keep away from children and pets.
PP added to the system drops bacterial counts by as much as 99%, but that also includes your filter, so be sure to stop water flow through the bio filter.
Once added to the system, PP oxidizes organic material, and parasites, and bacteria, into harmless particles, and manganese dioxide, which is a brown precipitate. It is recommneded that you execute a massive waterchange and re-start the filter as soon as you let the water turn brown. That is, the water should be kept pinkl or wine colored by repeated application of PP until ten hours has elapsed, then a massive waterchange is undertaken to remove the suspended brown oxidized debris.
PP is toxic to the fish above 4 ppm and so your volume estimate should be nearly exact, or underdosage should be done, with repeat applications as necessary to keep the water pink.
For example, I have treated ponds with high organics at 4 ppm. Within 45 minutes, I had to add another 2 ppm to maintain a pink hue, and within an hour of that I had to add another 2 ppm. So, the pond took a total of 8ppm over the first ten hours, but not all at once.
As soon as the water turns brown, the filter can be re-started without feear for your bio bacteria.
PP disinfects wounds, very efeectively asnd can be used as the sole treatment for superficial infections. In cases of sepsis, where the fish is becoming generally reddened, the PP is only a useful adjunnct, and injection should be sought.
I do not recommend feeding during the treatment because the fish may ingest too much of the PP with the food particles.
Dosing 4 ppm is by adding one gram PP per hundred gallons of water.
To do slightly less, e.g. 3 ppm, then simply dose less than a gram per hundred.
The only time to dose 2 ppm is in a low crowding situation in quite clean water, as in a holding vat. 2 ppm doses are also the usual supplementa dose size, after an initial dose has been applied.
To apply the chemical, dissolve the compound in water, and then splash this around the surface of the pond, avoiding the formation of "hotspots". Do not come in direct contact withn this aggressive, staining compound.
I recommend treating at 3 ppm initially in the morning so you have all day to observe the tank or pond. Then add 2 ppm doses as needed.
Lilies are unharmed by this, as are iris and Hyacinth, all survive the treatment handily.
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