Koi, Goldfish & Pond Health In 20 Steps
Parasite Treatments & Cures
Koi Water Quality
Koi Quarantine & Health
Beneficial Nitrogen Reducing Bacteria = Helpful bacteria like Nitrosomonas and Nitrobacteria that break down Ammonia into Nitrite, and Nitrite into Nitrate in the natural "cycle" of all ecosystems.
Buffers = Compounds like Baking Soda, or calcium carbonate, Buff-it-Up that stabilize the pH at or above neutral.
Bug = Pathogen, such as a parasite, bacteria, fungus or virus.
Fish = The Host, could be goldfish, Koi, whatever.
Pond = Environment, such as a pond, vat or tank.
PPM = Parts Per Million = Milligrams Per Liter = a concentration of something dissolved in the water.
Quarantine = Holding new fish out of the main collection for a short period of time, to prevent the introduction of [or preventatively treat] any sickness they may carry.
Sickness = Fish Diseases
Winterstress = Wintertime is a period of 'hibernation' for fish. The cold depresses their immune system and starves them of nutrients. It's common in Springtime to see sickness in Winterstressed fish.
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Koi Food & Feeding